Objective EN.3 Reduce risk of exposure to industrial contaminants
Brownfields may pose potential hazards similar to those found on a construction site, such as falls
from elevated work surfaces; slips, falls, or cave-ins in excavations or trenches; mechanical and
impact hazards asnoise exposure.1
Presence of brownfields may increase the exposure of an individual or community to health
threats. Depending on the type and level of contamination, a particular brownfield site can
threaten air or drinking water quality.2
The potential benefits of brownfields redevelopment are environmental, economic, and social. Their redevelopment could improve the neighborhood quality of life by fostering both a healthier environment and economy. Cleaning them up and removing or reducing the contamination would reduce health risks, and their reuse could help preserve suburban green space and control urban sprawl. The economic life restored to these sites could create jobs and bring in tax dollars. Brownfields redevelopment is also purported to help bring about environmental justice.2
HP 2010 Objective 8.12: Minimize the risks to human health and the environment posed by hazardous sites. Healthy People 2010, Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Available at: http://www.healthypeople.gov/
Indicators are quantifiable measures that provide both a snapshot of existing conditions and a way of tracking progress towards community health objectives.
Development targets are explicit goals achievable by urban development plans and projects that help achieve the HDMT's community health objectives.
Policies/Design strategies are potential actions taken by project sponsors or policy makers to achieve development targets and advance community health objectives.
2. Solitare, Laura and Greenberg, Michael. Is the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Brownfields
Assessment Pilot Program Environmentally Just? Environmental Health Perspectives Supplements
Volume 110, Number S2, April 2002.