Descriptive Title:

Percent of eligible residents taking advantage of a transit subsidy program.

Geographic Unit of Analysis:

Zip code

Percent of eligible* residents participating in one of Muni's transit subsidy programs, April 2015
Zip Code Participants in Free Muni Youth Program Participants in Muni Lifeline Program Participants in Muni Senior Program Youth aged 6-18 at ≤ 399% of poverty level  Adults aged 18-64 at ≤ 199% poverty level Seniors aged 65+ at ≤ 399% of poverty level % Participation - Free Muni Youth Program % Participation - Muni Lifeline Program % Participation - Muni Senior Program % of eligible residents taking advantage of a transit subsidy program
94102 1,155 1,428 2,042 960 9,718 4,095 120.3% 14.7% 49.9% 31.3%
94103 1,160 1,368 1,648 1,236 6,938 2,855 93.9% 19.7% 57.7% 37.9%
94104 42 32 48 0 51 21 NA 62.7% 228.6% 169.4%
94105 61 50 109 101 477 35 60.4% 10.5% 311.4% 35.9%
94107 536 438 739 880 3,963 1,959 60.9% 11.1% 37.7% 25.2%
94108 559 1,077 1,333 652 4,116 2,367 85.7% 26.2% 56.3% 41.6%
94109 1,076 1,541 2,614 1,441 11,765 5,722 74.7% 13.1% 45.7% 27.6%
94110 2,997 1,749 1,336 4,143 15,754 4,760 72.3% 11.1% 28.1% 24.7%
94111 100 131 193 80 613 478 125.0% 21.4% 40.4% 36.2%
94112 5,383 4,980 3,638 6,446 17,234 8,143 83.5% 28.9% 44.7% 44.0%
94114 277 117 474 585 3,684 1,752 47.4% 3.2% 27.1% 14.4%
94115 778 494 1,491 1,063 5,810 3,309 73.2% 8.5% 45.1% 27.1%
94116 1,689 1,431 2,268 1,750 6,003 3,987 96.5% 23.8% 56.9% 45.9%
94117 517 297 554 353 7,541 1,622 146.5% 3.9% 34.2% 14.4%
94118 763 774 1,440 1,418 6,340 3,079 53.8% 12.2% 46.8% 27.5%
94121 1,314 1,214 2,178 1,731 6,833 4,068 75.9% 17.8% 53.5% 37.3%
94122 1,970 1,619 2,404 2,474 9,041 4,542 79.6% 17.9% 52.9% 37.3%
94123 48 31 213 187 1,847 1,180 25.7% 1.7% 18.1% 9.1%
94124 3,105 2,573 1,260 4,658 8,752 2,473 66.7% 29.4% 51.0% 43.7%
94127 325 90 357 670 1,461 979 48.5% 6.2% 36.5% 24.8%
94129 55 8 11 45 188 0 122.2% 4.3% 0.0% 31.8%
94130 204 119 19 300 1,322 32 68.0% 9.0% 59.4% 20.7%
94131 412 128 339 665 2,927 1,509 62.0% 4.4% 22.5% 17.2%
94132 928 635 824 1,554 6,858 2,487 59.7% 9.3% 33.1% 21.9%
94133 1,180 1,916 2,383 1,432 7,033 4,024 82.4% 27.2% 59.2% 43.9%
94134 3,215 3,497 2,219 4,308 8,123 4,167 74.6% 43.1% 53.3% 53.8%
94158 74 79 178 151 1,130 191 49.0% 7.0% 93.2% 22.5%
Citywide 29,923 27,816 32,312 39,283 155,522 69,836 76.2% 17.9% 46.3% 34.0%
* Eligible populations were calculated using 2013 American Community Survey Data. Free Muni for youth and seniors is available to those persons, 5-18 or 65+ years, who have gross family incomes of 100% of the Bay Area Median Income (AMI) or less. Muni Lifeline is available to adults 19-64 years who have incomes at or below 200% of the Federal poverty level. Because it is not possible to match these income and age group levels exactly using the data from the ACS, eligible population estimates may under or over estimate the truly eligible population.

Why Is This An Indicator Of Health and Sustainability?

Efficient and safe transportation to and from home, work, school, healthcare, retail, and recreation allows people to meet their basic needs. However, in California, transportation costs are the third largest expense behind housing and food among low-income households—roughly the poorest 25%.a Transit subsidy programs allow low income residents to utilize San Francisco's public transportation system to meet their needs, without diverting much needed funds from housing, food, and medical costs.

Methods

The number of participants was collected by SFMTA for the Free Muni for Youth Program, Muni Lifeline Program, Free Muni for Seniors Program, and Free Muni for Persons with Disabilities Program at the zip code level.

To calculate the number of eligible residents, numbers were pulled from the American Community Survey. The following criteria were used to calculate the number of eligible residents:

  • The Free Muni for Youth Program requires the youth to be aged 5 to 18 with a gross annual family income at or below 100% of the Bay Area Median Income level. The comparable income caps from the Census are youths aged 6-17 at 399% of the poverty level or less. This is a CONSERVATIVE estimate.
  • For the Lifeline program, eligible individuals are at or below 199% of the Federal poverty level. Due to new senior and youth programs, they were excluded from the population estimate for this program. The comparable group from the Census are individuals aged 18-64 at 199% poverty or less.
  • The Free Muni for Senior Program requires the senior to be aged 65+ with a gross annual income at or below 100% of the Bay Area Median Income level. The comparable income caps from the Census are seniors aged 65+ at 399% of the poverty level or less.
  • There is no current data available to determine the number of eligible residents for the Free Muni for People with Disabilities program. The program requires the individual to be a person with a disability and a gross annual family income at or below 100 % of the Bay Area Median Income level. 

Limitations

Estimates of the eligible population are based on cut-points that do not perfectly align with the program cut-points for the subsidy programs. Additionally, the American Community Survey is a sample survey with margins of error. Thus, there are certain inaccuracies in the eligible population estimates, which in some cases lead to greater than 100% program participation.

Additionally, SFMTA started the Free Muni for Seniors Program and Free Muni for People with Disabilities programs in 2015 and may not represent all participants as the programs are still enrolling participants. The numbers collected are for individuals enrolled in the program as of March 2015.

There is no data currently available to see the percentage of eligible residents taking advantage of the Free Muni for People with Disabilities program.

Data Source

Program participation data from the San Francisco Municipal Transporation Agency, April 2015.

Population estimates from the American Community Survey, Zip Code Tabulation Areas, 2013.

Map and tables prepared by City and County of San Francisco, Department of Public Health, Environmental Health Branch using ArcGIS software.

Detailed information regarding census data, geographic units of analysis, their definitions, and their boundaries can be found at the following links:

Interactive boundaries map

http://sfindicatorproject.org/resources/data_map_methods

  1. Public Policy Institute of California. 2004. Transportation Spending by Low-Income California Households: Lessons for the San Francisco Bay Area. Available at: http://www.ppic.org/content/pubs/report/R_704LRR.pdf.