Descriptive Title: San Francisco Unified School District high school graduation rates by school

Geographic Unit of Analysis: Point

Number and Proportion of Students Graduating from High School (2001 - 2010)
School Name 2005-6 2006-7 2007-8 2008-9 2009-10 Address and Zipcode
# % # % # % # % # %
Balboa  158 78% 187 72% 227 86% 200 86% 212 87% 1000 Cayuga Ave, 94112
City Arts and Tech** 0 0% 0 0% 61 94% 0 0% 48 96% 325 La Grande Ave, 94112
Downtown 62 82% 56 65% 59 52% 47 43% 53 48% 693 Vermont St, 94107
Five Keys** 22 100% 8 89% 6 23% 15 10% 21 28% 70 Oak Grove St, 94107
Galileo Academy 289 91% 425 91% 502 90% 436 91% 441 87% 1150 Francisco St, 94102
Gateway** 77 100% 98 97% 98 91% 88 96% 105 97% 1430 Scott St, 94115
George Washington  614 97% 454 89% 505 94% 480 96% 504 95% 600 32nd Ave, 94121
Ida B. Wells  31 66% 43 52% 48 57% 68 56% 52 45% 1099 Hayes St, 94117
Independence  129 73% 96 53% 135 55% 107 52% 114 61% 3045 Santiago St, 94116
International Studies Academy 88 84% 78 77% 80 86% 47 70% 65 79% 655 De Haro St, 94117
John O'Connell Tech 121 92% 135 82% 144 86% 132 80% 139 80% 2355 Folsom St, 94110
June Jordan 0 0% 51 85% 52 80% 37 63% 59 81% 325 LaGrande Ave, 94112
Leadership** 70 86% 73 95% 73 96% 60 92% 44 92% 400 Mansell St, 94134
Life Learning** 9 75% 12 80% 10 67% 9 75% 5 31% 651 08th St, 94130
Lincoln 624 96% 474 90% 450 92% 515 94% 605 92% 2162 24th Ave, 94116
Lowell High  628 100% 649 99% 623 98% 635 99% 677 100% 1101 Eucalyptus Dr, 94132
Metro Arts and Tech** 0 0% 0 0% 30 75% 0 0% 45 67% 1195 Hudson Ave, 94124
Mission 153 83% 164 76% 158 60% 135 75% 164 82% 3750 18th St, 94114
Newcomer*** 0 0% 0 0% 0 0% 0 0% 0 0% 1350 07th Ave, 94122
Philip & Sala Burton 341 89% 345 89% 240 81% 199 85% 191 87% 400 Mansell St, 94134
Raoul Wallenberg 136 99% 114 88% 124 86% 127 93% 108 91% 40 Vega St, 94115
School of the Arts 143 97% 164 95% 138 96% 222 89% 127 81% 555 Portola Dr, 94131
Thurgood Marshall 192 92% 147 90% 142 79% 117 82% 173 87% 45 Conkling, 94124
District Total ***** 3,887 92% 3,773 86% 3,905 84% 3,692 83% 4,070 85%  
City Total 3,912 88% 3,791 82% 3,934 81% 3,725 80% 4,100 82%  
State Total 349,174 83% 356,641 81% 376,393 80% 382,950 79% 405,087 81%  
                       
* Graduation Rate Formula is based on the NCES definition: Number of Grads (Yr 4) divided by Number of Grads (Yr 4) + Gr. 9 Dropouts (Yr 1) + Gr. 10 Dropouts (Yr 2) + Gr. 11 Dropouts (Yr 3) + Gr. 12 Dropouts (Yr 4). For definition of "dropout", go to http://dq.cde.ca.gov/dataquest/gls_drpcriteria.asp
** Five Keys, Metropolitan Arts and Technology, City Arts and Technology,  Gateway, Life Learning Academy, and Leadership High Schools are all charter high schools
*** Newcomer High School serves as a one year transition high school for recent immigrants learning English. Following the one year at Newcomer, the students are placed at other high schools to complete requirements for graduation.
***** Although high school age students attend their schools, the following schools were not included in the table above: (1) Civic Center Secondary School (at 727 Golden Gate Ave) is a County Integrated Behavior Academic (IBA) School geared towards the most at-risk students, those with habitual truancy, significant behavior issues, and histories of suspension and expulsion (2) Cross Cultural Environmental Leadership Academy Xcel, which closed in 2006 and (3) Academy of Arts and Sciences High School which used to share the campus with The School of the Arts.
Source: California Department of Education. Educational Demographics Unit. 2007-2008 Graduation Rates Based on NCES Definition - District Report. Available at: http://data1.cde.ca.gov/dataquest/

Why Is This An Indicator Of Health and Sustainability?

Higher educational achievement predicts positive health outcomes directly. Education is also linked to health via effects on income.a Dropping out of school is associated with delayed employment opportunities, poverty, and poor health. It is also associated, in adolescence, with substance abuse, delinquency, injury, and pregnancy.b Researchers at UC Santa Barbara estimate that reducing the number of San Francisco dropouts by half would generate $108 million in economic benefits and result in 315 fewer murders and aggravated assaults each year.c

Interpretation and Geographic Equity Analysis

Of the 23 high schools in San Francisco, seven had high school graduation rates in the 2009-2010 school year of 90% or greater, including:  City Arts and Tech, Leadership Charter, Lowell, Lincoln, Washington, Wallenberg, and Gateway. Three of those schools, Leadership, Gateway, and City Arts and Tech, are charter schools with under 350 students. Five of the more traditional high schools with over 700 students, Balboa, Burton, Marshall, Galileo, and Mission had graduation rates of 87% or less.  These five schools are located in the Bayview, Excelsior, Visitacion Valley, Mission, and Russian Hill neighborhoods.

The majority schools with high school graduation rates below 70% are non-traditional high schools. Independence high school allows students to study independently outside of the classroom. Ida B. Wells and Downtown High are continuation high schools and Life Learning Academy is a small school for students that have not been successful in other settings. Five Keys provides high school education to current inmates and ex-offenders. Metro Arts and Tech is a college preparatory school, part of the Envision Schools charter school system like City Arts and Tech. Many of these schools are clustered in the South of Market, Mission, and Potrero Hill neighborhoods.

The School of the Arts, International Studies Academy, John O’Connell, and June Jordan are all small alternative schools with graduation rates between 85%-71%.

Methods

Graduation rates for the 2009-2010 school year were obtained from the California Department of Education (CDE). School addresses were mapped and school markers were shaded to indicate the graduation rate ranges. Individual school graduation rates from 2001-2010 were also obtained from CDE and included in the table.

Limitations

The schools in this analysis are only those in the San Francisco Unified School District. This list does not include private schools, although public charter schools are included. Other schools not included in this sheet include Urban Pioneer Experiential Academy, which is based in San Bruno, CA and had its charter revoked by the SFUSD in 2003. June Jordan School for Equity started in Fall 2005 and City and Metro Arts and Tech high schools started in Fall of 2004; therefore, graduation data going back to 2001 is not available. It is noted that schools in San Francisco vary in different grade levels served. For this indicator, high schools are defined as schools that serve grades 8-12, 9-12 and just 9th grade. One exception is the International Studies Academy which serves grades 6-12.

Although San Francisco Unified School District has the same geographic boundaries as the City and County of San Francisco, the total numbers of students differ because county schools (i.e., in juvenile detention and other special needs) are not included in SFUSD but are a part of the city.

Many other factors affect school quality in addition to graduation rates. Additional measures of quality could include: availability of books, supplies and other resources; physical and social structures of the school; actual and perceived safety at the schools; proximity to green space; training and experience of teachers and staff; involvement of parents in children’s education; opportunities for extracurricular activities; whether the school is used as a multi-use facility in the afternoons, evenings and weekends; and, existence of afterschool programs. Assessment of school quality necessarily needs to be a composite measure, of which graduation rate is one piece.

Data Source

School addresses from the San Francisco Unified School District.

Graduation rate data from:  California Department of Education. Graduation Rates Based on NCES Definition - District Report. Accessed online in November 2011. Available at: http://data1.cde.ca.gov/dataquest/.

Map and table created by San Francisco Department of Public Health, Environmental Health Section using ArcGIS software.

Table data is presented by school.

Detailed information regarding census data, geographic units of analysis, their definitions, and their boundaries can be found at the following links:

Interactive boundaries map

http://sfindicatorproject.org/resources/data_map_method

  1. Backlund E, Sorlie PD, Johnson NJ. A comparison of the relationships of education and income with mortality: the National Longitudinal Mortality Study. Soc Sci Med. 1999;49(10):1373-84.
  2. US Dept of Health and Human Services. 2000. Healthy People 2010: Understanding and improving health. 2nd edition. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office.
  3. California Dropout Research Project.  April 2009.  How California's Dropout Crisis Affects Communities.  Economic Losses for the City of San Francisco. UC Santa Barbara, Gevirtz Graduate School of Education. http://cdrp.ucsb.edu/