Descriptive Title: Maximum capacity of licensed child care facilities and proportion of 0-14 year olds
Geographic Unit of Analysis: Census tract and point
|Children, 0-14 years old, per licensed child care center or home slot (2012)|
|Neighborhood||Children per center or home slot||0-23 month olds||24 month - 4 year olds||5 - 14 year olds||Total Child Care Pop.||Center slots||Home slots||Total slots|
|Financial District/South Beach||0.4||167||141||326||634||329||8||337|
|Golden Gate Park||--||0||0||1||1||0||54||54|
|South of Market||0.9||411||406||907||1,724||470||40||510|
|West of Twin Peaks||5.2||414||750||2,177||3,341||143||78||221|
Substantial research demonstrates that accessible high quality childcare positively affects childhood growth, physical development, and physical health, cognitive, behavioral and school outcomes.a,b In the well-known Perry Preschool study, 65% of the children with early childhood education graduated from high school, compared to 45% without the preschool program. By age 40, 76% of the group who went to preschool were employed compared to 62% of the control group. It is estimated that the economic return to society was $17.07 per dollar invested - $12.90 per dollar invested went to the general public and $4.17 per dollar invested went to each participant.b The accessibility of childcare for families with children is dependent on capacity of childcare providers to meet demand.
Child care is provided in many different forms in San Francisco. This indicator focuses on the provision of licensed child care, or child care centers and family child care home providers that obtain a license from the California Community Care Licensing Division. Some families choose friends and relatives (license-exempt caregivers) to care for their children, and programs for school age children are often not licensed by the state. This indicator does not include residential 24 hour care, foster care, or babysitting.
In 2012, the neighborhoods with the most spots in licensed child care centers or homes were Western Addition, Outer Sunset, Mission, Bayview, and Outer Mission. During 2010 the neighborhoods with the greatest number of children 0-14 years old were Bayview, Mission, Outer Sunset, Excelsior, and Vistacion Valley. In 2012, there were roughly 5.3 children for every spot in a licensed child care center or home. Neighborhoods with the lowest ratios of 0-14 year olds to child care spots include: Chinatown, Financial District, Presidio Heights, Presidio, and Western Addition, which all have fewer than 3.2 children to a spot. Neighborhoods with the highest child to spot ratios include: Twin Peaks (which has no child care), West of Twin Peaks, Crocker Amazon, Seacliff, Mission Bay, and Noe Valley which all have more than 10 children to a spot.
The neighborhoods with the most spots in child care centers were Western Addition, Mission, Outer Mission, Outer Sunset, and Bayview. The neighborhoods with the most family child care home spots were Outer Sunset, Bayview, Excelsior, Parkside, and Outer Mission.
The maps above use 2010 Census counts for 0-14 year olds. The addresses of licensed child care centers and homes were geocoded and mapped. Points were sized to correspond to their relative size.
While center slots are licensed specific to age groups, family child care licenses allow for mixed age groups. Licensed FCCHs receive licenses for small and large homes, which can accept 6-8 and 12-14 children respectively. We chose to use the high end of the licensed capacity (small homes with 8 slots and large homes with 14 slots) to demonstrate maximum capacity. However, FCCHs often have a vacancy rate of 10%, which may be preferred by the provider. Also, some FCCH providers might also care for their own children in the, which reduces the number of slots available. (2007 CCPAC Child Care Needs Assessment; Accessed online on September 11, 2009: http://sfcpac.org/publications-reports/)
SF CCPAC noted that “There is a danger in assuming a ‘slot equals a child.’ While generally this is a useful approach to simplify planning, the reader must be reminded that this does not match what is known about how care is accessed. Not all families using care need the care full time, so many slots may be “shared” by families. Some children attend more than one type of care (i.e. family child care half-day and center preschool half-day). Some providers licensed for 12 children may serve as many as 20 in a week, although, not at the same time. An example of where this could occur would be a family child care provider who stays open during non-traditional hours, including weekend.
A survey of parents conducted by the San Francisco’s Child Care Resource and Referral Agencies found that 71% of parents stated they preferred child care near their home, 11% wanted care on the way to somewhere they were going and 8% wanted care near their place of employment. Despite high preference to have child care near the home, only 53% currently use a facility in their home zip code. Location of care was the most important factor for SF parents choosing a program, followed by the program’s affordability, quality and safety respectively. (2007 Child Care Needs Assessment)
CCPAC also found that while most parents initially requested center based care, more parents ended up using home based care. Reasons included lack of awareness about the existence of FCCHs, affordability of FCCHs, and higher vacancy rates in FCCHs.
List and Capacity of Childcare Centers from Community Care Licensing Division, California Department of Social Services. Accessed on July 2012: http://www.ccld.ca.gov/docs/ccld_search/ccld_search.aspx.
List and Capacity of Family Childcare Homes from Children’s Council of San Francisco Staff in July 2012.
Population Data Source: 2010 US Census.
Map and table created by San Francisco Department of Public Health, Environmental Health Section using ArcGIS software.
Table data is presented by planning neighborhood. While planning neighborhoods are larger geographic areas than census tracts, census tracts do not always lie completely within a planning neighborhood. SFDPH used ArcGIS software and a dasymetric mapping technique to attribute Census block group data to residential lots. We then assigned residential lots to planning neighborhoods to calculate Census population totals within the neighborhoods.